6 Types of Toxins That Are Effective for Exterminating Bed Bugs

Have you changed your sheets at least once a week? As a place to rest, you should keep the bed clean. The trick can be regularly changing the sheets, drying the pillows, to sterilizing the bed. The reason is, if we are lazy to clean the bed, then it can become a nest of bed bugs.

Bed bugs are very often found in beds that are not properly maintained. The size of a bedbug is only about 5 mm, but it is quite tough and can reproduce quickly. Bed bugs know where to hide, and a single female can lay up to 500 eggs in her lifetime.

Bed Bugs

These little bloodsuckers can wreak havoc in the home. You can experience red bites and unbearable itching after finding bedbug bites. No need to fear, because the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has registered more than 300 toxins to eradicate bed bugs. Well, here are some of the toxins that are sure to get rid of bugs:

Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids

These 2 toxins are compounds that are universally used to control bed bugs and other indoor pests. Pyrethrins are botanical insecticides derived from chrysanthemum flowers. Pyrethroids are synthetic chemical insecticides that act like pyrethrins. Both of these compounds can kill and expel bed bugs from their hiding places. However, if the bed bugs are resistant enough, then this toxin can make them move to a new place. Some bed bug populations are moderately resistant to these 2 toxins, but using a mixture of the two can be effective.


This toxin works by destroying the protective outer layer of paraffin in bed bugs. Once this structure is destroyed, the bed bugs will then gradually lose body fluids and eventually die. Desiccants are very valuable toxins in bed bug control because bed bugs cannot become resistant to these toxins. Examples of desiccant include diatomaceous earth and boric acid. If you are going to use it, be sure to use a product that is registered and labeled for bed bug control.


Cold pressed neem oil is one of the only biochemical pesticides registered for use against bugs. Neem oil is cold pressed directly from the seeds of the Neem plant, a tropical evergreen plant found in Southeast Asia and Africa.

This oil contains various compounds that have insecticidal and medicinal properties. This oil is also used in the manufacture of products including shampoo, toothpaste, soap, and cosmetics. The performance trials performed showed that these two products were effective at controlling aged insects, nymphs and eggs.


Chlorfenapyr is one of the pyrrole pesticides currently registered for use against bugs. This compound is a pro-insecticide, so biological activity will affect its activation to form other chemicals. This new chemical is what will kill the bugs.


Neonicotinoids are a synthetic form of nicotine and act on the nicotinic receptors of the nervous system by causing the nerves to continue to fire until then they fail. Because neonicotinoids use these different modes of action, bed bugs that are resistant to other pesticides will always be susceptible to neonicotinoids.